By Waldemar Janzen
This quantity, a part of the author's Harvard doctoral dissertation (the different half being a learn of 'ašrê as blessing formula), makes a major contribution to our realizing of using hôy, "woe (to)", within the prophets. J. criticizes successfully the standard perspectives of the note: that, paired with 'ašrê, it's a weakened type of curse (Mowinckel); that its foundation is in tribal knowledge and that its functionality is especially didactic (Gerstenberger and Wolff); that it really is to be classed easily as a version of the prophetic Gerichtswort (Westermann). He particularly rightly insists at the funerary lament because the unique Sitz im Leben of the prophetic hôy of vengeance.
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Extra resources for Mourning Cry and Woe Oracle
They are spoken in direct address, just as the Aoy-words must often be interpreted100. The combination ylk is analogous to the usage found with 'oyin. This transition from mourning to revenge can be substantiated from other cultures, as it is a widespread feature of the funerary rites discussed in connection with the simple Klageruf already. The lamentation of Marduk over Babylon in the Era Epic, quoted at some length102, offers further evidence. Immediately preceding Marduk's lamentation stands a description of Era's devastation of the city, concluding: Ihr [der Bewohner von Babylon] Blut ließest du [Era] wie Regenwasser den Marktplatz überströmen.
Has argued on the basis of the expression "the Lord of hosts will be with you, as you have said" (verse 14) that verses 4-15, with the exception of 8-9 and 13, form a unit with an anti-cultic thrust. He understands the cited phrase as a scornful quotation of a formula of weal current in the cultus. If this is so, verses 16-17 would fittingly continue the theme by announcing that weal would turn into woe, feasting into mourning, a reversal proleptically indicated already in the qinäh which opens the oration (verses 2-3).
At least in some passages. This possibility is vividly illustrated by a passage like Amos 41-2 — not a Aoy-pericope — where a direct address to a specific addressee (verse 1 a) is expanded by a parallel bi-colon further designating the addressee by three participial phrases (verse 1 b ) 7 9 . "80 On the contrary, it is very likely that at least some of the participles following upon hoy are intended as vocatives in a life context of direct confrontation81. 79 Wolff cites this word as an example of a special type of prophetic motivation (Begründung).