By Joel S Allen
This paintings examines the function performed via the biblical motif of the despoliation of Egypt within the figuring out Gentiles had of Jews, and the way Jews defended themselves, their heroes and their God within the face of anti-Jewish slander. It additionally examines the style during which Christians realized from their rabbinic opposite numbers tips to shield Moses and his God opposed to the gnostic problem. starting with Philo and in line with haggadic additions, the embarrassment of the episode used to be 'healed' via allegory and have become a seriously very important biblical justification for the Christian appropriation of the 'Egyptian treasures' in their Greco-Roman cultural history. This paintings describes how Christians borrowed exegetical traditions from rabbis not just to guard their sacred texts opposed to gnostic assaults yet to justify their curiosity in and appropriation of non-Christian philosophy of their theological understandings.
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Extra resources for The despoliation of Egypt in pre-rabbinic, rabbinic and patristic traditions
That someone would suggest otherwise signified a satanic challenge to the righteousness of God. ARTAPANUS Artapanus, a Hellenistic Jewish writer, composed Peri Ioudaiôn (On the Jews), often called an ‘historical romance,’ which is preserved in three fragments in Eusebius (Praep. Ev. 9:18, 9:23, 1–4, and 9:27, 1–37) with one partial parallel in Clement of Alexandria (Strom. 1 All that can be said with certainty of his date is that he lived before Alexander Polyhistor (ca. ), who cited Artapanus at length and who was Eusebius’ and Clement’s source.
29 12. 30 13. בּﬠיני מצרים ἐναντίον τῶν Αἰγυπτίων See 2 above. 14. καὶ ἔχρησαν αὐτοῖς Based on והשׁאלוםin 12:36, again an attempt to harmonize the accounts. כסף-כּלי 7. שׂמלת דּבּר־נא בּאזני הﬠם 10. איש םאת רﬠתוּ מאת רﬠוּתהּ ואשׁה וּכלי זהב ויתּן יהוה את־חן הﬠם 26 Le Boulluec and Sandevoir write, “Skeú ē (cf. Ex 11, 2 et 12, 35) est à comprendre ici au sens le plus general d’«objets» (cf. Gn 24, 53),” (La Bible, 95). 27 Wevers, Notes, 39. 28 Le Boulluec and Sandevoir, La Bible, 141.
Satan’s role is that of a 27 N. Forsyth, The Old Enemy: Satan and Combat Myth (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987), 188. 315. 38 part one—pre-rabbinic interpretations feckless pawn in the hands of a righteous but vengeful God. All in all, the passage highlights the importance of the despoliation in God’s overall plan to bring his righteous vengeance upon Egypt. In two of the three instances where Jubilees speaks of Satan accusing the children of Israel (48:15 and 18), the object of the accusation is the plundering of Egypt.