By Stanley Jerome Isser
His publication shifts the focal point of biblical tales approximately David from historicity to pop culture, suggesting their origins in well known heroic literature of the later monarchy and Persian interval and evaluating them with Homeric and Arthurian heroic literature. Synopsis The Sword of Goliath deals a clean view of the biblical tale of David, moving the point of interest from historicity to problems with style and pop culture. Isser compares the biblical tales of David with different heroic literature, together with the Greek heroes of Homer, King Arthur, and Robin Hood. He means that the David tales, such a lot of them now misplaced, originated in renowned heroic literature that persisted to develop through the later monarchy and into the Persian interval. Isser engages a wide range of biblical scholarship to light up the complexity of ascertaining the historicity of a lot of the David traditions. Readers will locate right here a brand new standpoint at the biblical David that strikes past the present historic debate in bible study.
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Extra resources for THE SWORD OF GOLIATH: David in Heroic Literature
Thus in several pieces of narrative Abishai is consistently the personal companion and defender of David. He is the one who is closest to David in his daring raids, on the battleﬁeld, in dishonorable retreat, and in victory. In the more detailed legends of David and his men Abishai must have been a prominent and well-developed character, the stereotypical loyal companion of the king. We don’t know what happened to him. He is absent from the story of Adonijah and Solomon’s rivalry for the throne (1 Kgs 1), and he is not included with Joab in David’s list of those Solomon should kill for having crossed him (1 Kgs 2).
Yoshev Bashevet the Tahkemonite killed eight hundred of the enemy at one time (23:8; he is called Yeshav‘am in 1 Chr 11:11, where he is said to have killed only three hundred); Eleazar son of Dodo son of Ahohi covered Israel’s retreat and fought so hard his hand stuck to his sword (vv. 9 –10); Shammah son of Age the Hararite single-handedly defeated the Philistines in a lentil ﬁeld when everyone else had ﬂed (11–12); Abishai killed three hundred with a spear (18–19). ) stole into the Philistine garrison at Bethlehem to bring David, who was at Adullam, a drink of water from his hometown’s well (13 –17).
31 Caleb (the contemporary of Joshua) was the head of the Judaeans and was associated with Hebron (Josh 15:13). Nabal is called a Calebite in 1 Sam 25:3. David’s marriage to Nabal’s wife gives him a claim to Hebron, usurping Nabal’s position as clan head. David is ﬁrst declared king at Hebron. What goes around comes around. Nabal’s real name was Ithra or Jether the Jezreelite (Jezreel was a town near Hebron), which is what we should read for “Ithra the Israelite” in 2 Sam 17:25 and “Jether the Ishmaelite” in 1 Chr 2:17.